Cameroon is Africa’s throbbing heart, a crazed, sultry mosaic of active volcanoes, white-sand beaches, thick rainforest and magnificent parched landscapes broken up by the bizarre rock formations of the Sahel. With both Francophone and Anglophone regions, not to mention some 250 local languages, the country is a vast ethnic and linguistic jigsaw, yet one that, in contrast to so many of its neighbors, enjoys a great deal of stability.

With reasonable road infrastructure, travel is a lot easier here than in many parts of  Africa. Still, you’ll miss none of those indicators that you’re in the middle of this fascinating continent: everyone seems to be carrying something on their heads, makossa music sets the rhythm, the street smells like roasting plantains and African bliss is just a piece of grilled fish and a sweating beer away.

39 Interesting facts about Cameroon

  1. Cameroon is a central African country.
  2. On January 1, 1960, Cameroon became an independentrepublic.
  3. Cameroon attainedUN membership on September 20, 1960.
  4. The country receives plenty of rainfall every year, making it one of the wettest placeson Earth.
  5. Because of the geographical and cultural diversity of the country, it is often referred to as“Africa in miniature” and as “the hinge of Africa”.
  6. Thermal springscan be found throughout the country.
  7. As per the CIA Fact Book, HIV/AIDS caused an estimated 34,200 deaths in Cameroon in 2014.
  8. In 2014, the unemploymentrate in Cameroon was estimated to be at 4%.
  9. Oil exports contribute 40% towards the totalexport earnings of the country.
  10. Mount Cameroon is the highest point in the country at 13,500 ft.
  11. The country also has a large amount of natural gas reserves.
  12. You may be surprised to learn that it is also the only active volcano in the country. It last erupted in 2012.
  13. And there are about 500,000 people living near the volcano in three main towns of Limbe, Buea and Muyuka.
  14. Sanaga River is the longest river in Cameroon. However, it is not navigable. Other important rivers are the Benue and Nyong.
  15. There are two hydroelectric power stations on the banks of the River Sanaga.
  16. Before World War I, the vast majority of the country was a German colony. At that time it was known as Kamerun.
  17. The area was named “Rio dos Camarões” by Portuguese explorers after their arrival on the coast in the 15th century.
  18. The country was officially named the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972, and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.
  19. Did you know that every variety of flora and fauna that is available in tropical Africa can be found in Cameroon as well? It is home to at least 409 species of mammals and 165 species of birds.
  20. The Waza National Park in Cameroon is one of the most visited places in the country.
  21. The Dja Faunal Reserve, founded in 1950, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 90% of the area of the reserve is left undisturbed. The area is named after The Dja River, which almost completely surrounds it.
  22. Subsistence farming plays a vital role in the life of poor Cameroonians.
  23. Paul Biya has been the president of Cameroon since November 6, 1982.
  24. Construction of a $3.7 billion pipeline connecting the oil fields in neighboring Chad with the Cameroon coast is under way. The World Bank is also sponsoring this project.
  25. The current President of the country is said to have won by unfair means in the most recent elections in 2011, which he won by taking 78% of the vote.
  26. The country celebrates its national day on May 20th. On this day in 1972, Cameroonians voted for a unitary state as opposed to the existing federal state.
  27. If you look attentively at a map of the country, it looks like an elongated triangle.
  28. In 1990, Cameroon became the first African country to enter the quarter-final of the FIFA World Cup.
  29. Cameroon is known for its coffee, cotton, bananas, oilseeds and cocoa.
  30. As per the Council on Foreign Relations of the US State Department, Cameroon has been ranked as the second most dangerous country in the world, mainly because of attacks and kidnappings orchestrated by the terrorist sect Boko Haram. The group’s name translates to “Western education is sinful.”
  31. To stop the cross border incursion from Boko Haram, about 1,000 troops were stationed by the country’s government on its border with Nigeria in 2014. However, the deployment further emboldened the fundamentalist sect, and they escalated their attacks.

Cameroon facts for kids

  1. In area, Cameroon is twice the size of Oregon.
  2. It has a total land boundary of 5,018 km and a coastline of 402 km.
  3. The country is blessed with some of the most fertile land in the world.
  4. Foot ball(soccer) is the most popular sport in the country.
  5. The country’s legal age for boys to marry is 18, while that for girls is 15 years.
  6. Did you know that Lake Nyos emitted poisonous gases, which became the reason for the death of 1,746 villagers in Cameroon in 1986?
  7. Sadly,Cameroonian footballer Patrick Ekeng died on the football field when he suffered a heart attack on May 6th, 2016 (aged 26).


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